2)Consistently rigged elections.
3)Erosion of autonomy promised under Article 370.
4)lack of employment opportunities.
Between January and May 1990, hundreds of thousands of unarmed civilians poured out into the streets of Srinagar demanding self-determination. It was brutally suppressed by the State.
Victoria Schofield, Kashmir in Conflict, New York 2000, pp.143-154.
Balraj Puri, Kashmir: Towards Insurgency, New Delhi 1993, pp.60-61.
The protests against India still continue; (BBC News, Kashmir strike over civilian deaths, Feb 16 2002), albeit in lesser numbers, given the presence of half a million soldiers and endless curfews and regulations and tear-gassing and beatings.
Indigenous militant outfits such as JKLF and Hizb were largely secular; decimated by India and Pakistan; Foreign militants with Islamic agenda backed by Pakistan would hijack it and dominate in late nineties; However, Separatist Hizb and Pro-India Renegade militants continue to have a significant presence in several thousands.