Kashmir, Kashmir Timeline

Kashmir: Nuclear Flashpoint

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Women's voices from Kashmir

Recent articles on Kashmir

Kashmir in a nutshell

Indian Position on Kashmir

Pakistani Position on Kashmir

Kashmiri Position

Who are the Militants?

Who are the Kashmiri Leaders?

What about Article 370?

Popular Insurgency or Terrorism?

Is Kashmir movement communal?

Pandit tragedy

Pakistan's Record in Kashmir

Elections in Kashmir

plebiscite Conundrum

Is a solution possible?

Human Rights in Kashmir

Renegade Militants

Keywords: Kashmir Dispute. The Kashmir conflict continues to be unresolved after more than six decades,fuelling the conventional and nuclear arms race between India and Pakistan and bleeding their economy. Both countries have gone to war on three occasions over Kashmir. Keywords: Kashmir Dispute.

Keywords: Kashmir Insurgency. The Kashmir conflict continues to be unresolved after more than six decades,fuelling the conventional and nuclear arms race between India and Pakistan and bleeding their economy. Both countries have gone to war on three occasions over Kashmir. Keywords: Kashmir Insurgency.

Introduction
Pre-1947
1947 Kashmir War

1948-1954 UN efforts

1955-1964

1965 Kashmir war

1966-1986

1989 insurgency and after

1999 Kargil War and after

Bloodshed so far

Proposed solutions

Keywords: Kashmir Timeline, Kashmir History. The Kashmir conflict continues to be unresolved after more than six decades,fuelling the conventional and nuclear arms race between India and Pakistan and bleeding their economy. Both countries have gone to war on three occasions over Kashmir. Keywords: Kashmir, Kashmir Timeline.

Keywords: Kashmir History. The Kashmir conflict continues to be unresolved after more than six decades,fuelling the conventional and nuclear arms race between India and Pakistan and bleeding their economy. Both countries have gone to war on three occasions over Kashmir. Keywords: Kashmir History.

Keywords: Kashmir conflict. The Kashmir conflict continues to be unresolved after more than six decades,fuelling the conventional and nuclear arms race between India and Pakistan and bleeding their economy. Both countries have gone to war on three occasions over Kashmir. Keywords: Kashmir conflict.

Who are the Militants?   Click here for detailed version


An estimated 250 militants operate in the Valley as of October 2010, according to the Director general of Police. Militancy has come down considerably since 2003. There used to be an estimated 3000 militants operating in Kashmir as of 2003,according to official sources, including indigenous Kashmiri militants, Pakistan sponsored foreign militants and Indian sponsored renegade militants . Violence and human right violations by militants have been reported since 1989 and still continue.


  • Indigenous Kashmiri Militants: Officially estimated numbers: 1300.
      1) JKLF: Secular outfit; Founded in late sixties; Pro- Independence group; Once funded by Pakistan ISI; later Pakistan cut off financing to the JKLF and in some instances provided intelligence to India against JKLF and has played a part in decimating it . The JKLF faction led by Yasin Malik announced unilateral ceasefire in 1994 and pursues political agenda under the All Parties Hurriyat (Freedom) Conference (APHC) umbrella; Amanulla Khan's JKLF faction's ceasefire in 1997.

  •   2)Hizb: Pro-Pakistan outfit; Founded in 1989; favourite darling of the ISI. funded, armed and trained; Favours accession to Pakistan. Syed Salahuddin is the chief. Most of them are kashmiri militants; also has some foreign militants. Largely non-communal and condemned many communal killings.

  • Foreign Militants:

    Official estimate: 2300 ; Dominated militancy since late 1990. Includes Afghan Mujahedins.

      1) Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT): Backed by Pak; Mission: Establish an Islamic State ; Active since 1995;

  • Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM): Backed by Pakistan; Active since 1999;

  • Harkat-Ul-Mujahedin (HuM): Backed by Pakistan; Active since 1993;

  • Renegade Militants:

      1)Estimated numbers: 1200 to 3000; Surrendered former militants in the employ of Indian security forces, as pro-india counter-insurgency forces. Example: Ikhwan-Ul-Muslimoon: