An estimated 250 militants operate in the Valley as of October 2010, according to the Director general of Police. Militancy has come down considerably since 2003. There used to be an estimated 3000 militants operating in Kashmir as of 2003,according to official
sources, including indigenous Kashmiri
militants, Pakistan sponsored foreign militants and Indian sponsored renegade militants .
Violence and human right violations by militants have been reported since 1989 and still continue.
Indigenous Kashmiri Militants: Officially estimated numbers: 1300.
1) JKLF: Secular outfit; Founded in late sixties; Pro- Independence group; Once funded by Pakistan ISI; later Pakistan cut off financing to the JKLF and in some instances provided intelligence to India against JKLF and has played a part in decimating it . The JKLF faction led by Yasin Malik announced unilateral ceasefire in 1994 and pursues political agenda under the All Parties Hurriyat (Freedom) Conference (APHC) umbrella; Amanulla Khan's JKLF faction's ceasefire in 1997.
2)Hizb: Pro-Pakistan outfit; Founded in 1989; favourite darling of the ISI. funded, armed and trained; Favours accession to Pakistan. Syed Salahuddin is the chief. Most of them are kashmiri militants; also has some foreign militants. Largely non-communal and condemned many communal killings.
Official estimate: 2300 ; Dominated militancy since late 1990. Includes Afghan Mujahedins.
1) Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT): Backed by Pak; Mission: Establish an Islamic State ; Active since 1995;
Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM): Backed by Pakistan; Active since 1999;
Harkat-Ul-Mujahedin (HuM): Backed by Pakistan; Active since 1993;
1)Estimated numbers: 1200 to 3000; Surrendered former militants in the employ of Indian security forces, as pro-india counter-insurgency forces. Example: Ikhwan-Ul-Muslimoon: