Kashmir, Kashmir Timeline

Kashmir: Nuclear Flashpoint

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Women's voices from Kashmir

Recent articles on Kashmir

Kashmir in a nutshell

Indian Position on Kashmir

Pakistani Position on Kashmir

Kashmiri Position

Who are the Militants?

Who are the Kashmiri Leaders?

What about Article 370?

Popular Insurgency or Terrorism?

Is Kashmir movement communal?

Pandit tragedy

Pakistan's Record in Kashmir

Elections in Kashmir

plebiscite Conundrum

Is a solution possible?

Human Rights in Kashmir

Renegade Militants

Keywords: Kashmir Dispute. The Kashmir conflict continues to be unresolved after more than six decades,fuelling the conventional and nuclear arms race between India and Pakistan and bleeding their economy. Both countries have gone to war on three occasions over Kashmir. Keywords: Kashmir Dispute.

Keywords: Kashmir Insurgency. The Kashmir conflict continues to be unresolved after more than six decades,fuelling the conventional and nuclear arms race between India and Pakistan and bleeding their economy. Both countries have gone to war on three occasions over Kashmir. Keywords: Kashmir Insurgency.

Introduction
Pre-1947
1947 Kashmir War

1948-1954 UN efforts

1955-1964

1965 Kashmir war

1966-1986

1989 insurgency and after

1999 Kargil War and after

Bloodshed so far

Proposed solutions

Keywords: Kashmir Timeline, Kashmir History. The Kashmir conflict continues to be unresolved after more than six decades,fuelling the conventional and nuclear arms race between India and Pakistan and bleeding their economy. Both countries have gone to war on three occasions over Kashmir. Keywords: Kashmir, Kashmir Timeline.

Keywords: Kashmir History. The Kashmir conflict continues to be unresolved after more than six decades,fuelling the conventional and nuclear arms race between India and Pakistan and bleeding their economy. Both countries have gone to war on three occasions over Kashmir. Keywords: Kashmir History.

Keywords: Kashmir conflict. The Kashmir conflict continues to be unresolved after more than six decades,fuelling the conventional and nuclear arms race between India and Pakistan and bleeding their economy. Both countries have gone to war on three occasions over Kashmir. Keywords: Kashmir conflict.

The Pandit Tragedy

  • In 1989-90, following the killings of prominent Pandits like Jia Lal Taploo, Neel Kanth Ganjoo and Lassa Kaul by the JKLF for political reasons, the rise of new militant groups, some warnings in anonymous posters and some unexplained killings of innocent members of the community contributed to an atmosphere of insecurity for the Kashmiri Pandits. Though the JKLF tried to explain that the killings of Pandits were not communal, the murders caused a scare among the minority Hindu community and most of the estimated 162,500 Hindus in the Valley, including the entire Kashmiri Pandit community, fled in March 1990.

  • Joint reconciliation efforts by members from both Muslim and Pandit communities were actively discouraged by Jagmohan. There have been charges that this exodus was encouraged by Jagmohan, who has a reputation for having anti-Muslim sentiments, to enable India to have a "free hand" in dealing with the Muslims in the Valley, a charge which Jagmohan has denied. A thorough, independent enquiry alone can show if this exodus was entirely unavoidable.

  • An estimated 36,000 Hindu families and 20,000 Muslim families (as of 1993) have fled the Valley and many of them still languish in the refugee camps in Jammu and Azad Kashmir, being displayed by India and Pakistan respectively for propaganda.

  • There are about 9000 Pandits still living in the Valley.[Kashmir Times, March 29, 2003]

  • There have been periodic attacks against the Pandits, Sikhs and other Hindu minorities in J&K, an example being massacre of 24 Pandits in Nadimarg in March 2003, by unidentified gunmen:

      1)What is clear is there are forces which want to communalize the conflict in J&K

      2) What is not clear is Who are those forces? Opinion is divided as to the answer; Many Pandits and Indians believe the gunmen are Islamic militants who want to ethnically cleanse the State of minorities. However, many Kashmiri people blame Indian sponsored renegades for these massacres by unidentified gunmen and accuse them for tainting their freedom struggle.

  • Minorities have become victims of these unidentified communal forces, who do not want the dispute to be resolved.